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Culture

Nepal is a multicultural, secular country. Nepal was declared a secular country by the Parliament on May 18, 2006.Customs and traditions differ from one part of Nepal to another. Kathmandu Valley has served as the country’s cultural metropolis since the unification of Nepal in the 18th Century.Religions practiced in Nepal are: Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism, Bon, ancestor worship and animism. The majority of Nepalis are either Hindus or Buddhism. The diversity in Nepal in terms of ethnicity again makes room for various sets of customs. Most of these customs go back to the Hindu, Buddhist or other religious traditions.

Food habits differ depending on the region. Nepali food has been influenced by Indian and Tibetan styles of cooking. Most Nepalis do not use cutlery but eat with their right hand. The regular Nepali meal is dal (lentil soup), bhat (boiled rice) and tarkari (curried vegetables), often accompanied by achar (pickle). Curried meat is very popular. Momos (steamed or fried dumplings) deserve a mention as one of the most popular snack among Nepalis. Rotis (flat bread) and dhedo (boiled flour) also make meals in many homes.