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Geography

Nepal is located between China in the north and India in the south, east and west. The total land area of Nepal is 147,181 sq. km. The geographical coordinates are 28°00′N 84°00′E.Nepal’s ecological zones run east to west about 800 km along its Himalayan axis, 150 to 250 km north to south. The country can be divided into three main geographical regions: Himalayan region, mid hill region and Terai region. The highest point in the country is Mt. Everest (8,848 m) while the lowest point is in the Terai plains of Kechana Kalan in Jhapa (60 m).

The Terai region, with width of ranging 26 to 32 km and altitude ranging from 60 -305 m, occupies about 17 percent of total land area of the country. Further north, the Siwalik zone (700 – 1,500 m) and the Mahabharat range (1,500 – 2,700 m) give way to the Duns (valleys), such as Trijuga, Sindhuli, Chitwan, Dang and Surkhet. The Midlands (600 – 3,500 m), north of the Mahabharat range is where the beautiful valleys of Kathmandu and Pokhara lie.

Eight of the 14 eight-thousanders of the world lie in Nepal: Mount Everest (8,848 m), Kanchenjunga (8,586 m), Lhotse (8,516 m), Makalu (8,463 m), Cho Oyu (8,201m), Dhaulagiri (8,167 m), Manaslu (8,163 m) and Annapurna (8,091 m).

Source: Nepal Tourism Board